The national park is located in Khumbu region, with an area of 1,148km2 (443 sq mi). The so-called Khumbu also was known as Everest region is the land of Sherpas inside the park. Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976.
Sagarmatha National Park has protected the area with deep valleys, glaciers and theatrical mountains including highest peak of the world, Mount Everest (8848 m). The national park is located in Khumbu region, with an area of 1,148km2 (443 sq mi). The so-called Khumbu also was known as Everest region is the land of Sherpas inside the park. Sagarmatha National Park was established in 1976, with remarkable tourist products of Himalayan terrain and unique culture. Most of the park is above 3,000m and contains three top-10 highest peaks of the world; Mt. Everest (88,48m), Lhotse (8,516m) and Cho Oyu (8,201m). UNESCO then added Sagarmatha National Park to the list of World Heritage Site in 1979 AD. Thus, the park is famous for mountaineering expedition and trekking throughout the guidance of renowned mountaineers, Sherpas.
Sagarmatha National Park is the highest national park in the world, with an elevation ranging from 2,845m to the highest summit 8,848m. The world’s biggest glacier ‘Ngozumpa glacier’ lies just below the 6th highest mountain, Cho Oyu. The capital of Sherpa, Namche Bazaar is one of the main hub as well as the gateway to Mt. Everest in the park. Likewise, some other valleys like Phagding, Thame, Khumjung, Tengboche, Syangboche are keys to the Everest trekking. Sagarmatha National Park has the catchment area of Bhotekoshi and Dudhkoshi river. The adventure activities like rafting, kayaking, bungee jumping are preserved within the river. The Everest mountain flight to this region can get you exotic mountain views. Whereas, Everest Base Camp trek and Mt. Everest expedition are the two most famous activities inside the park.
Flora & Fauna of Sagarmatha National Park
Sagarmatha National Park represents 8 ecosystems in the high Himalaya. The vegetation dominated at lower elevation is hemlock and pine forests, while 3500m above are rhododendron, silver fir, birch and juniper trees. You can find various common species like ghoral, musk deer, Himalayan tahr, jackal and pikka. Likewise, snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, lynx, wolf and lesser panda are rarely found species. It is believed to be Yeti was also seen by local Sherpas living in ancient times. The national park is also important to bird area identified by Birdlife International for the conservation of birds population, inhabiting over 193 species including Himalayan Monal, blood pheasant.
Sagarmatha National Park is Arctic temperature to the climate, while the temperature can decrease with altitude. In this alpine area, the weather is very cold during winter (December to February) and can decrease up to -17 in EBC. So it is the best time during spring (March-May) and autumn (October – November) for your excellence Everest trek. During the trek, you may get high altitude sickness so it is better if you avoid climbing more than 400m per day.
Mt. Everest (8848 m)
The highest mountain on earth Mount Everest (8,848m), is the major highlight of Sagarmatha National Park. It is located in Mahalangur range of Himalaya between Nepal and Tibet border. The mountain is known as Sagarmatha in Nepali and Chomolungma in Tibetan, meaning ‘goddess of the sky’ and ‘goddess of the mountain’ respectively. In 1865, it was named as Mount Everest after British survey team leader Sir George Everest identified for the western world. The first successful ascent to climb Mount Everest was Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary in 1953.
You can access the Everest summit by two climbing routes; the standard route approached through southeast from Nepal, while another route through the north from Tibet. It takes you average 39 days to reach the summit via Everest Base Camp. You will be provided mountain gears such as crampons, ice ax, oxygens and other equipment for the mountaineering expedition. The ethnic people Sherpas have vast mountaineering experience and they will lead you the finest expedition among all. The other renowned mountains after Everest are Lhotse, AmaDablam, Cho Oyu, Pumori, Kwangde, Thamserku, KangtaigaandGyachyung Kang.
Kala Patthar(5555 m)
The word Kala Patthar means ‘black rock’ in Nepali, is the remarkable landmark located above Gorakshep (5,164m). Kala Patthar is the highest altitude (5,545m) you will ever step during Everest trekking. It doesn’t need any requirements and simply can be a trek up to the peak. With that said, trekkers climb up this 10m/33ft tall mountain to observe the most close-up view of Mt. Everest. The Everest Base Camp is almost 2 km away from Kala Patthar you will find. And the highest webcam of the world is installed here in Kala Patthar.
Gokyo lakes are the highest lakes in Sagarmatha National Park with an altitude 4,700m to 5,000m above sea level. The lakes contain 6 lakes; of which Gokyo Cho is the main lake and Thonak Cho is the largest with an area of 65.07 ha. These lakes are freshwater and have their hydrological values. The lake systems are from various sources like stream coming through Ngozumpa glacier, the biggest glacier in the world. You can climb Gokyo Ri (5,357m) for a spectacular view of lakes as well as Mount Everest and the terrains.
The easy access to the park is the flight to Lukla airport in Solukhumbu district. The airport is one of the most extreme airport of the world with an altitude of 2,860m high between the mountains. Thus, Lukla airport serves you exotic mountain view within 30-minute flights from Kathmandu. With other access, you can drive 8 hours long to Salleri by the ground vehicle while exploring the lower valley of Khumbu region.
Namche Bazaar is the most important hub for a starter point. There are numbers of good lodges, internet cafes, banks, police check and trading centers. Most of the travelers’ check-ins the hotels in Namche Bazaar for different routes of Everest trek. Besides Namche Bazaar, there are many facilitated mountain lodges and tea houses with hot water shower. This accommodation can be found in Phakding, Thame, Dole, Syangboche, Dingboche, Khunde, Khumjung, Gorakshep, etc on your Everest trekking. Tents will be provided while camping in most of the regions including Everest Base Camp.
The entrance fee to enter Sagarmatha National Park with respect to royalty and vat is Rs.1695 for SAARC nationals and Rs.3390 for other nationals. We request any travelers to be eco-friendly and no harms to animals.
Sagarmatha National Park is worth visiting the white wilderness. There are several lodges, teahouses and other amenities upon the desired needs. It is good to gather famous monasteries for spectacular festivals while exploring the lifestyle of Sherpa and their communities. Meet the various wildlife and enjoyable natures along with the high Himalayas. We recommend you a good guide and porters for a vast service and enjoyable trips ahead.